All materials appearing in The IIBIT are protected by copyright as a collective work or compilation under Australian copyright laws and other laws and are the property of IIBIT or the party credited as the provider of the content.

You may not copy, reproduce, distribute, publish, display, perform, modify, create derivative works, transmit, or in any way exploit any such content, nor may you distribute any part of this content over any network, including a local area network, sell or offer it for sale, or use such content to construct any kind of database.

However you may download from the site such content for your own personal, non-commercial use you may not alter or remove any copyright or other notice from copies of the content. Copying or storing any content except as provided above is expressly prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder identified in the individual content's copyright notice.

Copyright For Student

Students are able to reproduce copyright material without permission provided that the dealing is for research or study and that the copying is 'fair'. The Act deems 'fair' to mean:

An article in a periodical publication (eg a journal article) more than one article if on the same subject matter, or a "reasonable portion" (generally 10% or one chapter if the work is a published edition of 10 pages or more; or 10% of the words if in electronic form)

For the copying to be 'fair' in a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work, you should consider the factors below.

The purpose and character of the dealing (eg, copying in connection with a course is likely to be fair whereby copying for research which may be used commercially would not), nature of the work (eg, it may be less fair to copy a work resulting from a high degree of skill than a mundane work), can the work or audio-visual item be obtained within a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price (generally, it may be fair to copy all of a work such as a book which is not available commercially, but unfair to photocopy all or most of a work that you can buy - see 'copying from theses or out of print texts'), what effect the dealing will have on the potential market (eg, making more than one copy is less likely to be fair than making one copy), the amount of the part being copied (eg, it is less fair to copy a large or important part of the work than to copy a small or unimportant part). If you copy less than 10% of the pages (or less than 10% of the words in electronic form) or one chapter, or one article in a periodical and you are sure that you meet the requirements of research or study then the copying is taken to be 'fair'.

You cannot use copies made under the fair dealing provisions for any other purpose. If you do, then the copies are infringing copies and penalties may occur. The copyright owner's permission is required.

Under the moral rights legislation, you should always acknowledge the author and title of the work.

There are no limits on the number of copies which can be made of an audio-visual item.


Apart from use under the fair dealing provision, you will require permission from the copyright owner if you want to copy, record, download, communicate or perform music.

What are "moral rights"? "Moral rights" are rights relating to a creator's reputation in connection with their work and have nothing to do with morality. You must give the creator of a literary, musical, artistic or dramatic work or of a film the right to be attributed as the creator of the work or film and the right to have the integrity of the work respected. These new rights supplement the right of a creator not to have their work falsely attributed. More information on Moral Rights can be found here.

The right of attribution You should attribute a creator when you reproduce a work or film and it should be clear and reasonably prominent, so that the person receiving a reproduction of the work or film will have notice of the creator's identity.

The right of integrity A creator's work should not be subjected to derogatory treatment nor should you do something to a creator's work that is prejudicial to the reputation of the creator.

Copying from the Internet Students should be aware that material on the Internet might be protected by copyright. The fact that it is on the Internet does not mean it is "copyright free".

Some websites give permission for the material to be copied for certain purposes (eg educational and non-commercial purposes). You should always check the website for any such statements.


More than one copy is required of copyright material that is included in a thesis, therefore the copies are copied under the Part VB licence. You are allowed to make a copy for the library, your supervisor and yourself etc, but it must not be used for any other purpose.

If you want to publish the thesis or use material from it for any other purpose (eg conference paper) and use copyright protected material in it, then the copyright owner's permission is required.


Publishing Your Work

You should ensure that you have a copyright notice on any work you create, whether you intend to publish it or not.

The notice is used as a warning to indicate that the work is protected. It should identify the owner and give details of the conditions of use. For example:

"© Copyright - Name of Copyright Owner - Date first published

[email or other address]

All rights reserved. No reproduction without permission."


Plagiarism occurs when the work of another person, or persons, is used and presented as one's own, unless the source of each quotation or piece of borrowed material is acknowledged with an appropriate citation.

The University regards very seriously any acts of cheating, or dishonesty by way of plagiarism. There are a range of penalties which may be imposed on a student for plagiarism.

Students should consult their course handbooks for information on plagiarism or the section on 'Assessment and Academic Progress' in the IIBIT Handbook.


Computer Software

Software shall not be copied on Institution/University computers or personally owned computers on any Institution/University campus except where authorized by the copyright owner;

Software shall not be copied on Institution/University computers or personally owned computers on any University campus except where authorised by the copyright owner; Software manuals may only be copied in accordance with the provisions of the Institution/University policy on copying;

Institution/University funds shall not be used to purchase software that has been copied without approval of the copyright owner;

Illegally copied software from any source shall not be run on computers at IIBIT.